iBOL is a not-for-profit Corporation governed by its Board of Directors. The Board, which is made up of representatives from funding agencies, independent experts and the iBOL Scientific Director. The Board monitors compliance with project objectives, ensures good governance and has final decision-making authority over all aspects of the project. The Board also appoints an independent Scientific Advisory Board.
The research activities of iBOL are largely advanced by its Working Groups. There are 20 Working Groups operating in five theme areas: DNA Barcode Library, Methods, Informatics, Technologies and Administration. Each Working Group has a detailed work plan with milestones, deliverables and resource requirements.
The Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) assists and advises the iBOL Scientific Director on overall research plans and deliverables. The SSC includes a representative of each participating nation and the lead of each Working Group. It meets once a year.
The iBOL Secretariat, hosted by the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario at the University of Guelph, assists the Working Group leads in organizing reports and in communications related to iBOL milestones. Secretariat staff oversee all communication and reports from Working Group leaders and ensure that iBOL finances are accounted for and that iBOL policies and regulations are followed.