The International Barcode of Life project (iBOL) has one overarching goal- to assemble the sequence library and technology necessary to identify organisms rapidly and inexpensively. This goal is underpinned by the observation that sequence diversity in short, standardized gene regions (DNA barcodes) enables both the identification of known species and the discovery of new ones. By building an identification system based on digital DNA strings rather than on analogue traits, DNA barcoding promises a massive improvement in our capacity to monitor and manage biodiversity with profound societal and economic impacts.
The Consortium for the Barcode of Life (CBOL) is an international initiative devoted to developing DNA barcoding as a global standard for the identification of biological species. Established in 2004 through support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, CBOL promotes barcoding through Working Groups, networks, workshops, conferences, outreach, and training. CBOL has 200 Member Organizations from 50 countries and operates from a Secretariat Office located in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC.
GenBank® is the NIH genetic sequence database, an annotated collection of all publicly available DNA sequences (Nucleic Acids Research, 2008 Jan;36 (Database issue):D25-30). There are approximately 106,533,156,756 bases in 108,431,692 sequence records in the traditional GenBank divisions and 148,165,117,763 bases in 48,443,067 sequence records in the WGS division as of August 2009.
The Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) is an online workbench that aids collection, management, analysis, and use of DNA barcodes. It consists of 3 components (MAS, IDS, and ECS) that each address the needs of various groups in the barcoding community.
The Canadian Barcode of Life Network, made up of nearly 50 researchers from across the country, represents the first national network dedicated to large-scale DNA barcoding. The goal of this network is to make important contributions to biodiversity research, and to maintain Canada's place as a leader in the development of DNA barcoding.
The Catalogue of Life (CoL) is a joint effort between the Species 2000 and IT IS organizations aimed at completing coverage for all 1.75 million known species by 2011.
The Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) is an online reference and database for all 1.9 million species currently known to science, and will stay current by capturing information on newly discovered and formally described species. EOL aims to help all of us better understand life on our planet.
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility, GBIF, enables free and open access to biodiversity data online by providing an information infrastructure, community-developed tools, standards and protocols, and building capacity through training, access to experts, and mentoring programs.